heptagon n : a seven-sided polygon
EtymologySince 16th century, from ἑπτάγωνον (heptagonon), from ἑπτά (hepta), seven, + γωνία (gonia), angle.
- A polygon with seven sides and seven angles.
A polygon with seven sides and seven angles
In geometry, a heptagon is a polygon with seven sides and seven angles. In a regular heptagon, in which all sides and all angles are equal, the sides meet at an angle of 5π/7 radians, 128.5714286 degrees. Its Schläfli symbol is . The area of a regular heptagon of side length a is given by
- A = \fraca^2 \cot \frac \simeq 3.63391 a^2.
The heptagon is also sometimes referred to as the septagon, using "sept-" (an elision of septua-, a Latin-derived numerical prefix, rather than hepta-, a Greek-derived numerical prefix). The OED lists "septagon" as meaning "heptagonal".
ConstructionA regular heptagon is not constructible with compass and straightedge but is constructible with a marked ruler and compass. This type of construction is called a Neusis construction. It is also constructible with compass, straightedge and angle trisector. The impossibility of straightedge and compass construction follows from the observation that 2cos(2π/7) ≈ 1.247 is a zero of the irreducible cubic x3 + x2 - 2x - 1. Consequently this polynomial is the minimal polynomial of 2cos(2π/7), whereas the degree of the minimal polynomial for a constructible number must be a power of 2.
Two kinds of heptagrams can be constructed from regular heptagons, labeled by Schläfli symbols , and , with the divisor being the interval of connection.
heptagon in Asturian: Heptágonu
heptagon in Azerbaijani: Düzgün yeddibucaqlı
heptagon in Catalan: Heptàgon
heptagon in Czech: Sedmiúhelník
heptagon in German: Siebeneck
heptagon in Spanish: Heptágono
heptagon in French: Heptagone
heptagon in Galician: Heptágono
heptagon in Korean: 칠각형
heptagon in Italian: Ettagono
heptagon in Georgian: ჰეპტაგონი
heptagon in Hungarian: Hétszög
heptagon in Dutch: Zevenhoek
heptagon in Japanese: 七角形
heptagon in Norwegian: Heptagon
heptagon in Polish: Siedmiokąt foremny
heptagon in Portuguese: Heptágono
heptagon in Russian: Правильный семиугольник
heptagon in Serbian: Седмоугао
heptagon in Finnish: Seitsenkulmio
heptagon in Swedish: Heptagon
heptagon in Thai: รูปเจ็ดเหลี่ยม
heptagon in Chinese: 七边形